In the modern age of technology, a company’s requirements are changing quicker than ever before. If your company or business includes a significant online component, then you need to think about database security.
What is database security?
If your company collects any data about customers, suppliers, or the wider community, then it will have some sort of database where this is stored. Sometimes this data can be sensitive and private, and can be subject to strict privacy agreements. For example, your customers may provide you with an email address, postal address, and phone number when they purchase something from you. You will most likely store this information somewhere. However, if other people manage to get their hands on it or if hackers gain access, you could be subject to strict legal action from the people whose privacy has been compromised.
Basically, database security is any form of security used to protect databases and the information they contain from compromise. It could be made up of all or any of the following:
- Software – software is used to ensure that people can’t gain access to the database through viruses, hacking, or any similar process.
- Physical controls – an example of a physical component of database security could be the constant monitoring of the database by company personnel to allow them to identify any potential weaknesses and/or compromises.
- Administrative controls – this refers to things like the use of passwords, restricting the access of certain people to certain parts of the database, or blocking the access of some company personnel altogether.
Why is database security important?
Database security is more than just important: it is an absolutely essential part of any company. It prevents the compromise or loss of data contained in the database, an event which could have serious ramifications for any company. Some of the functions of database security include:
- Blocking attacks from unauthorised users or hackers. This prevents the loss of sensitive information.
- Preventing malware infections and stopping viruses stealing data.
- Ensuring that physical damage to the server doesn’t result in the loss of data.
- Prevents data loss through corruption of files or programming errors.
Basically, database security protects any sensitive information that your company may have stored in databases. It reduces the risk of this information being stolen, and protects you from the associated legal problems that would occur if it was to be stolen.